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 Table of Contents  
CASE REPORT
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 53-55

Fibrolipoma of the labial mucosa: An uncommon variant of a ubiquitous tumor


Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sri Hasanamba Dental College and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka, India

Date of Web Publication24-Jun-2019

Correspondence Address:
Srikanth Hanasoge Srivathsa
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sri Hasanamba Dental College and Hospital, Hassan, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijofb.ijofb_7_18

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  Abstract 


Lipoma, a benign tumor originating from the adipocytes, is commonly seen in many parts of the human body. Oral cavity is not a favored location for the occurrence of lipomas. Histopathologically, many variants have been described based on the presence of other components. Fibrolipoma is one such variant where the adipocytes are admixed with fibrous component. It appears as an asymptomatic growth anywhere on the oral mucosa in middle-aged individuals. A case of this variant in a 52-year-old male patient is being reported.

Keywords: Adipocytes, adipocytic tumor, fibrolipoma, lipoma


How to cite this article:
Srivathsa SH. Fibrolipoma of the labial mucosa: An uncommon variant of a ubiquitous tumor. Int J Orofac Biol 2018;2:53-5

How to cite this URL:
Srivathsa SH. Fibrolipoma of the labial mucosa: An uncommon variant of a ubiquitous tumor. Int J Orofac Biol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Nov 17];2:53-5. Available from: http://www.ijofb.org/text.asp?2018/2/2/53/261160




  Introduction Top


Lipoma is a benign mesenchymal tumor of mature adipose cells.[1],[2] It commonly occurs in arms, trunk, and neck.[2] Lipoma in the oral cavity has a reported incidence of 1 in 5000.[3] Lipomas can develop either subcutaneously or in deeper tissues,[4] and within the oral cavity, it has a submucosal location. Oral lipoma was first described by Roux in 1848 as “yellow epulis.” Intraoral lipomas are believed to grow to large sizes causing speech as well as chewing difficulties.[5] Fibrolipoma is a rare variant of the classic lipoma where the adipose cells are embedded in collagen.[6]


  Case Report Top


A 52-year-old male patient reported with a complaint of pain in the lower left back tooth of 2 weeks duration. There were no associated symptoms. His medical and surgical histories were noncontributory. On examination of the tooth, the mandibular left first molar had a deep periodontal pocket and the tooth was grade I mobile. Incidentally, the lower labial mucosa on the right side showed a solitary, well-defined, sessile growth measuring 1.2 cm in size. It was roughly oval in shape and it had a yellowish hue. It was soft to firm in consistency and nontender [Figure 1]. On questioning the patient about the presence of the lesion, he mentioned that it had been present for at least 2–3 years. The patient was motivated for a biopsy, with a presumptive diagnosis of lipoma. The lesion was excised under local anesthesia and was studied under hematoxylin and eosin stain. The lesion showed multiple adipocytes intermixed with fibrous connective tissue. There was no evidence of any atypical features [Figure 2] and [Figure 3]. The histopathologic diagnosis was that of a fibrolipoma. The patient was also referred for oral prophylaxis, and his chief complaint was addressed. The patient was lost to follow-up.
Figure 1: Sessile growth on the lower right labial mucosa with a yellow tint

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Figure 2: The presence of mature adipocytes interspersed with fibrous connective tissue component (H and E, ×10)

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Figure 3: The lesion (H and E, ×4)

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  Discussion Top


Epidemiology

Lipomas of the oral cavity have a relatively low occurrence with prevalence ranging from 1% to 4%.[1],[2] Lipomas are seen in middle-aged and elderly patients more commonly.[2] One report suggests that oral fibrolipomas occur with a prevalence of 1.6%.[2] Fibrolipoma is more common in females than males with a female-to-male ratio of 1.3:1 and in the age group of 40 years.[1],[3]

Etiology and pathogenesis

it is unclear as to what induces or causes lipomas to occur, and a few factors such as mechanical or inflammatory factors and endocrine stimulus may be the contributors.[1] Interestingly, chromosomal aberrations in 6p, 12p, and 13q have been found in some lipomas.[3] One report suggests that lipoma has an embryonic cell nest origin.[4] Whenever a blunt trauma occurs, hematoma formation ensues and the cytokines may mediate preadipocyte differentiation and proliferation leading to the formation of a lipoma.[6] Fibrous degeneration of a lipoma may also result in the formation of a fibrolipoma.[2] This could have also occurred in the present case, although there was no positive history regarding trauma.

Clinical features

Fibrolipoma within the oral cavity has been very infrequently noted. It can be seen on the buccal mucosa, labial mucosa, floor of the mouth, the retromolar area, and even rarely over the gingiva. Among these, the buccal mucosa and the buccal vestibules have been found to predominate the location.[1],[2],[3] Characteristically, the lipoma appears as a yellow-colored mass which tends to be asymptomatic and slow yet progressive in its growth. On palpation, it is firm to doughy in consistency and is nontender.[2],[3],[5],[6] The size of the tumor can vary and can range up to 2.5 cm. Depending on the amount of fibrous component in the lesion, the consistency generally varies from soft to firm.[7]

Multiple lipomas have been interestingly noted to occur in association with other disorders or syndromes such as neurofibromatosis, Gardner's syndrome, cephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis, and familial multiple lipomatosis and even in proteus syndrome.[5],[7]

Histopathology

Various histopathologic forms of lipomas have been described in the literature. Based on the presence of certain other tissues in association, sialolipoma, fibrolipoma, pleomorphic lipoma, spindle cell lipoma, angiolipoma, chondrolipoma, myxolipoma, and atypical lipoma have been described.[1],[2],[3] One large study of oral lipomas found that oral fibrolipoma formed the second most common histologic subtype followed by the simple lipoma.[8] In this variant, the adipocytes are distributed along with fibrous connective tissue.[8]

Differential diagnosis

The histopathological differentials that have been considered include the fibroma, lipoma, the minor salivary gland tumors, and liposarcomas.[3],[6]

Investigations

Lipomas have been investigated using MRI and shows high signal intensity on both T1 and T2. Fibrolipomas, on the other hand, may show low intensity on T1 owing to high collagenous component.[2] Further, investigations such as ultrasonography and fine-needle aspiration have been utilized whenever the lesion is found to be of sufficient size.[5] Advanced histopathological investigations such as immunohistochemistry using proliferative cell nuclear antigen and Ki-67 have been employed, and the results have shown increased expression of both.[2]

Management and prognosis

Conservative surgical excision has been the treatment of choice. Recurrence is rare and is attributed to incomplete excision.[2],[7],[8],[9] A case of fibrolipoma transforming to liposarcoma has been mentioned in the literature.[2]


  Conclusion Top


Although lipoma is a common tumor in the human body, it is rare in the oral cavity. What is rarer is the variation it can show under the microscope. Fibrolipoma being one of the variants of this tumor can rarely be seen occurring on the oral mucosa. When present, can appear similar to a classic lipoma and only histopathology can help identify this lesion. The importance of biopsy and histopathology needs to be emphasized, although the report of malignant transformation of fibrolipoma to fibrosarcoma has been anecdotal.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Vadvadgi VH, Saini R. Oral fibrolipoma of the oral cavity. Int J Exp Dent Sci 2014;3:106-8.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Iwase M, Saida N, Tanaka Y. Fibrolipoma of the buccal mucosa: A case report and review of the literature. Case Rep Pathol 2016;2016:5060964.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Girish KL, Joseph TI, Sathyan P, Akhil S. Oral fibrolipoma: A rare histological variant. Oral Maxillofac Pathol J 2017;8:56-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Ghanchi M, Bhakar V, Saxena K, Jani D. Fibrolipoma of the oral mucosa: A review of literature. Sch J Dent Sci 2016;3:269-71.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Chavan S, Ingle Y, Deshmukh R, Kulkrani V. Fibrolipoma – A rare intraoral tumor: A case report. J Dent Allied Sci 2013;2:83-5.  Back to cited text no. 5
  [Full text]  
6.
Pereira T, Shetty S, Sapdhare S, Tamgadge A. Oral fibrolipoma: A rare histological variant. Indian J Dent Res 2014;25:672-4.  Back to cited text no. 6
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
7.
Vijayalakshmi KR, Dahiya S, Khan M. Oral fibrolipoma: A rare case report. Int J Curr Res 2016;8:35025-7.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Studart-Soares EC, Costa FW, Sousa FB, Alves AP, Osterne RL. Oral lipomas in a Brazilian population: A 10-year study and analysis of 450 cases reported in the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2010;15:e691-6.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Rehani S, Bishen KA. Intraoral fibrolipoma – a case report and review of literature. Ind J Dent Adv 2010;2:215-6.  Back to cited text no. 9
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]



 

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